09 Apr Formal Agreement Ending The Revolutionary War
The Treaty of Paris was signed on September 3, 1783 by American and British representatives and ended the American Revolutionary War. On the basis of a preliminary treaty of 1782, the agreement recognized the independence of the United States and granted the United States an important Western territory. The Treaty of 1783 was one of many treaties signed in Paris in 1783, establishing peace between Great Britain and the allied nations of France, Spain and the Netherlands. The American ability to negotiate on these issues was strengthened by the creation of the new U.S. Constitution in 1787. The Treaty of Paris was a starting point for future agreements and some differences of opinion. It was particularly important in history for the formal recognition of the independence of the United States and the end of a long war for freedom. The only remaining article of the Paris Treaty is Article 1. On April 17, 1783, Congress ratified provisional articles of peace that ended the revolutionary war with Britain.
On 17 Oct. 1781, General Lord Charles Cornwallis handed over 7,000 British soldiers to the Continental Army after a crushing defeat in the Battle of Yorktown. When news of Lord Cornwallis` surrender reached Britain, Prime Minister Lord Frederick North, the 2nd Earl of Guilford, seized “how he would have been shot in the chest” and shouted “Oh, my God! It`s over! It was at this time that Lord North, along with the rest of Parliament and King George III, realized that a victory over the thirteen colonies was not inevitable. In reality, victory required much more troops, more resources and more money than Parliament could give any effort. Instead of sending more troops to North America by sea, British delegates were sent to France to begin the initiation of a peace treaty with the United States. Two years later, on September 3, 1783, the Treaty of Paris was signed and the Revolutionary War officially ended. Franklin revealed the Anglo-American agreement to Vergennes, which opposed the manner in which it was obtained, but was willing to accept the agreement in broader peace negotiations and agreed to provide the United States with another loan that Franklin had requested. When Spanish forces failed to conquer Gibraltar, Mr. Vergennes managed to convince the Spanish government to approve the peace.
Negotiators abandoned a previous complex plan to redistribute undefeated colonies into a colony that largely preserves the existing territorial benefits of Spain and France. In North America, Spain received Florida, which it had lost during the 7-year war. Spanish, French, British and American representatives signed a provisional peace treaty on 20 January 1783 that heralded the end of hostilities. The formal agreement was signed in Paris on September 3, 1783. The Congress of the American Confederation ratified the treaty on January 14. The American Revolution officially ended when representatives of the United States, Great Britain, Spain and France signed the Treaty of Paris on that day in 1783.